Prehabilitation – A tool to prevent postoperative complications in patients planned for surgeries

Prehabilitation – A tool to prevent postoperative complications in patients planned for surgeries

Dr. Swapna Karthikeyan, Tutor, Department of Cardiovascular & Pulmonary Physiotherapy, at Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Science, Chennai. 

Prehabilitation is a series of interventions carried out in a medical facility prior to a surgical operation. It focuses on the modifiable risk factors, allowing individuals to prepare for treatment by encouraging healthy behaviours and prescribing multimodal programs that include exercise, diet, and psychological therapies depending on their individual needs. In addition, prehabilitation involves assessing medications, encouraging decreased alcohol use, helping patients cease smoking, and optimizing treatment for long-term illnesses including diabetes and anaemia. Prehabilitation aims to increase a patient’s functional capacity before surgery, improve postoperative outcomes, prevent postoperative complications, and assist with the recovery and restoring state following the surgical procedure.

At Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, SIMATS, Chennai, our cardiopulmonary physiotherapy team creates an individualized prehabilitation program based on the patient’s physical, physiological, and psychological state through thorough assessment and management strategies to enhance the efficacy of various treatments, improve the quality of life and functional capacity post-operatively. We counsel the patients regarding the dos and don’ts post-operatively and increase their adherence to a post-operative rehabilitation program. The modern era allows us to use smart devices in planning strategies and monitoring them. This makes it easy and feasible for the patients to take part in the prehabilitation programs.

Prehabilitation helps patients increase their resistance to therapy and enhance their long-term health as it is a component of the rehabilitation continuum.

When deciding on a course of treatment, consider attending a reputable facility like SIMATS, which is renowned for its advanced amenities and can provide individualized treatment tailored to your individual needs.

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